Nature-based Solutions. Landslides Safety Measures
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This report presents an overview of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) and their main applications to address climate-related challenges (temperature, floods, sea level rise, landslides, droughts) with a special emphasis on innovative physical measures for landslides mitigation. Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) is a collective term for solutions that are based on natural processes and ecosystems to solve different types of societal challenges. Of particular interest are mitigation and adaptation strategies to address climate-related challenges. The aim of this report is to provide a brief introduction to NBS for addressing mitigation of natural hazards linked to extreme weather events. In particular, the report is focused on innovative solutions suitable for landslides protection in accordance with Work Package 3 (WP3) in Klima 2050, but it also includes elements relevant for flood and stormwater protection (WP2 in Klima 2050). The innovation potential relates to both technical solutions appropriate for private and public partners of Klima 2050, and to new solutions related to management, governance, training and communication, which may be most relevant to public partners. In addition to discussing the use of NBS and describing examples of NBS to be used for climate related natural hazards, the report provides reference to key actors, important studies, and the potential for innovation, in Norway as well as internationally.