A Review of Experimental Solubilities and a General Correlation between the Temperature-Dependent Solubility and Solute and Solvent Molar Masses for Binary n-Alkane Mixtures
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionFluid Phase Equilibria. 2022, 556 1-14. 10.1016/j.fluid.2022.113380
The solubility of a ”heavy” alkane (solute) in a ”light” alkane (solvent) is generally temperature dependent. Moreover, it is determined by the molar masses of the solute and solvent. In the current paper, published solubility data for binary normal-alkane mixtures is reviewed (solid-liquid equilibrium). A total of 43 unique solute-solvent data-sets, obtained from a total of 24 published experimental studies, are collected and presented in a systematic manner. Based on thermodynamic considerations and the experimental data, it is demonstrated that there is a log-linear relationship between the solubility and the temperature in the dilute range. Linear regression is employed to 1) obtain data-set-specific solubility-temperature best-fit parameters and 2) obtain a general correlation between the solubility and the solvent and solute molar masses and the temperature. Finally, it is demonstrated that the developed correlation carries predictive power even for multi-component mixtures by utilizing solvent and solute average molar masses.