High-Performance and Ultralow-Noise Two-Dimensional Heterostructure Field-Effect Transistors with One-Dimensional Electrical Contacts
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonACS Applied Electronic Materials. 2021, 3 (9), 4126-4134. 10.1021/acsaelm.1c00595
Two-dimensional heterostructure field-effect transistors (2D-HFETs) with one-dimensional electrical contacts to atomically thin channels have recently shown great device performance, such as reduced contact resistance, leading to ballistic transport and enhanced carrier mobility. While a number of low-frequency noise studies exists on bare graphene devices supported on silicon dioxide gate insulators with surface contacts, such studies in heterostructure devices comprising epitaxial graphene on hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) with edge contacts are extremely limited. In this article, we present a systematic, temperature-dependent study of electrical transport and low-frequency noise in edge-contacted high-mobility HFET with a single atomic-layer graphene channel encapsulated by hBN and demonstrate ultralow noise with a Hooge parameter of ≈10–5. By combining measurements and modeling based on underlying microscopic scattering mechanisms caused by charge carriers and phonons, we directly correlate the high-performance, temperature-dependent transport behavior of this device with the noise characteristics. Our study provides a pathway towards engineering low-noise graphene-based high-performance 2D-FETs with one-dimensional edge contacts for applications such as digital electronics and chemical/biological sensing.