Ontology-Based Fault Tree Analysis Algorithms in a Fuzzy Environment for Autonomous Ships
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE Access. 2021, 9, 40915-40932. 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3061929
This study deals with fault tree analysis algorithms based on an ontology-based approach in a fuzzy environment. We extend fuzzy fault tree analysis by embedding ontology-based fault tree structures. The ontology-based approach allows conducting advanced analyses grounded on rich domain knowledge. Two approaches as the conventional approach and rule-based method are applied for the calculations of failure probability and analysis of the fault tree. Collision and grounding of an autonomous ship are investigated in two scenarios. The structural design, probability calculations, and sensitivity analyses prove that the proposed system is applicable, robust, accurate and reliable. Thus, the propounded ontology-based fault tree algorithms fill a gap in safety engineering by its capability of comprehensiveness.