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dc.contributor.authorAarhaug, Thor Anders
dc.contributor.authorKjos, Ole Sigmund
dc.contributor.authorFerber, Alain Marc C
dc.contributor.authorHsu, Jong Pyong
dc.contributor.authorBacquart, Thomas
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Energy Research. 2020, 8 1-10.en_US
dc.description.abstractAs part of FCH-JU funded HyCoRA project running from 2014 to 2017, 28 gaseous and 13 particulate samples were collected from hydrogen refueling stations in Europe. Samples were collected with commercial sampling instruments and analysis performed in compliance with prevailing fuel quality standards. Sampling was conducted with focus on diversity in feedstock as well as commissioning date of the HRS. Results indicate that the strategy for sampling was good. No evidence of impurity cross-over was observed. Parallel samples collected indicate some variation in analytical results. It was however found that fuel quality was generally good. Fourteen analytical results were in violation with the fuel tolerance limits. Therefore, eight or 29% of the samples were in violation with the fuel quality requirements. Nitrogen, oxygen and organics were the predominant impurities quantified. Particulate impurities were found to be within fuel quality specifications. No correlation between fuel quality and hydrogen feedstock or HRS commissioning date was found. Nitrogen to oxygen ratios gave no indication of samples being contaminated by air. A comparison of analytical results between two different laboratories were conducted. Some difference in analytical results were observed.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectfuel cell impurity impacten_US
dc.subjecthydrogen fuel impurity toleranceen_US
dc.subjectanalysis of hydrogen samplesen_US
dc.subjecthydrogen fuel qualityen_US
dc.subjecthydrogen fuel quality controlen_US
dc.titleMapping of hydrogen fuel quality in Europeen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright © 2020 Aarhaug, Kjos, Ferber, Hsu and Bacquart. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Energy Researchen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal