Enzyme-Constrained Models and Omics Analysis of Streptomyces coelicolor Reveal Metabolic Changes that Enhance Heterologous Production
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjoniScience. 2020, 23 (9), . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2020.101525
Many biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) require heterologous expression to realize their genetic potential, including silent and metagenomic BGCs. Although the engineered Streptomyces coelicolor M1152 is a widely used host for heterologous expression of BGCs, a systemic understanding of how its genetic modifications affect the metabolism is lacking and limiting further development. We performed a comparative analysis of M1152 and its ancestor M145, connecting information from proteomics, transcriptomics, and cultivation data into a comprehensive picture of the metabolic differences between these strains. Instrumental to this comparison was the application of an improved consensus genome-scale metabolic model (GEM) of S. coelicolor. Although many metabolic patterns are retained in M1152, we find that this strain suffers from oxidative stress, possibly caused by increased oxidative metabolism. Furthermore, precursor availability is likely not limiting polyketide production, implying that other strategies could be beneficial for further development of S. coelicolor for heterologous production of novel compounds.