Identification of green pigments and binders in late medieval painted wings from Norwegian churches
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Green pigments in micro-samples taken from three late-medieval painted objects from Norwegian churches have been investigated with the aim to characterize their constituents and understand how they relate to damages observed in passages containing green paints. The cross-sections were analyzed by optical microscopy under visible and UV light, Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry and vibrational spectroscopies (Raman, ATR-FTIR). In addition, Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry was employed for the characterization of binding media, using a derivatization methodology recently developed for the detection of metal soaps in paint samples. This extensive characterization aided the identification of the individual constituents and the stratigraphy of green paints. It also builds the foundation for future ageing studies that can provide better insights into the mechanisms of the processes at stake in selective delamination of paints containing copper complexes.