Functional requirements for inclusive transport
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonTransportation. 2018 10.1007/s11116-018-9939-7
Transport related social exclusion is one aspect of people with disabilities’ marginal position in economic, social and civic life. This study aims at presenting main tendencies in empirical research on transport and disability, and therein defining functional requirements that transport solutions must comply with in order to facilitate social inclusion. Based on review of thirty-four empirical studies, this study presents eight functional requirements for inclusive transport. Aspects of each requirement are described and links to social exclusion are explored. Further, the strengths and limits of the review as well as relevance for practice is discussed. Although the study is limited to research in English and Scandinavian languages, the authors believe that the transferability of the results beyond the geographical scope of this study is not challenged by the requirements themselves, but rather to what degree and in what ways these requirements are championed and pursued. The functional requirements are defined without reference to particular travel purposes or mode of transport and represent a systematic approach for making discretional assessment of transport solutions.