Effect of heat input on nanomechanical properties of wire-arc additive manufactured Al 4047 alloys
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMaterials Science & Engineering: A, 2022, 860, 1-8 10.1016/j.msea.2022.144288
Heat input is one of the most important process parameters during additive manufacturing (AM). It is of great significance to understand the effect of heat input on the microstructure and nanomechanical properties, as well as the underlying mechanisms. Wire-arc additive manufactured (WAAM-ed) Al 4047 alloys under different heat inputs were produced and studied in this work. The as-manufactured Al alloys showed hypoeutectic microstructure that consisted of primary Al (α-Al) dendrite and ultrafine Al–Si eutectic. The effect of heat input on hardness and strain rate sensitivity (SRS) were investigated through nanoindentation. The nanohardness decreased with the increasing heat input, in accordance with the trend of yield strength and microhardness in the previous studies, in which the mechanism was usually explained by the grain growth model and Hall-Petch relationship. This work suggests a distinct mechanism regarding the effect of heat input on nanohardness, which is the enhanced solid solution strengthening produced by lower heat input. In addition, the heat input had little effect on the SRS and activation volume. It is hoped that this study leads to new insights into the understanding of the relation between heat input and nanomechanical properties, and further benefits to improve the targeted mechanical properties and engineering applications of the AM-ed materials.