Development of Polyethylenimine (PEI)-impregnated mesoporous carbon spheres for low-concentration CO2 capture
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonCatalysis Today. 2020, 1-8. 10.1016/j.cattod.2020.06.016
A novel low-concentration CO2 capture material (PEI/MCS) was developed by loading polyethylenimine (PEI) over mesoporous carbon spheres (MCS) with high porosity. The effects of pore structure, PEI loading, capture temperature, and promoters on CO2 capture of PEI/MCS were studied. The MCS with perfect spherical morphology was successfully synthesized by a hard-template assisted reverse emulsion method. The pore structure of MCS was adjusted by tuning the ratio of silica to carbon (Si/C) in the precursors. With increasing the Si/C from 0.8 to 1.1, the pore volume of MCS increased from 1.25 to 2.68 cm3/g. The optimal PEI loadings depending on the pore volume of MCS were 45, 62.5, and 65 wt.% for MCS-0.8, MCS-1.1, and MCS-1.5, respectively. The highest CO2 capture capacity (3.22 mmol/g) was achieved on 62.5PEI/MCS-1.1 at CO2 partial pressure of 0.05 bar (5 vol.%, a typical concentration of the tail gas from natural gas power plant and natural gas processing plant) and temperature of 75 °C, outperforming most of the solid amine sorbents reported at similar condition. However, the cycling stability of PEI/MCS is poor at the capture-regeneration temperature of 75 °C. The promoters Span 80 and 1,2-epoxybutane did not show remarkable effect on the cycling stability of PEI/MCS at 75 °C. Decreasing the capture-regeneration temperature can significantly improve the stability of PEI/MCS and there is almost no CO2 capacity loss (regeneration >99.5 %) when the temperature decreased to 50 °C. As a result of high CO2 capacity and excellent regenerability and stability, PEI /MCS will be one of the ideal candidates for CO2 capture in the future.