Biophysical Characterization of Viral and Lipid-Based Vectors for Vaccines and Therapeutics with Light Scattering and Calorimetric Techniques
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionVaccines. 2022, 10 (1), 1-35. 10.3390/vaccines10010049
Novel vaccine platforms for delivery of nucleic acids based on viral and non-viral vectors, such as recombinant adeno associated viruses (rAAV) and lipid-based nanoparticles (LNPs), hold great promise. However, they pose significant manufacturing and analytical challenges due to their intrinsic structural complexity. During product development and process control, their design, characterization, and quality control require the combination of fit-for-purpose complementary analytical tools. Moreover, an in-depth methodological expertise and holistic approach to data analysis are required for robust measurements and to enable an adequate interpretation of experimental findings. Here the combination of complementary label-free biophysical techniques, including dynamic light scattering (DLS), multiangle-DLS (MADLS), Electrophoretic Light Scattering (ELS), nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), multiple detection SEC and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), have been successfully used for the characterization of physical and chemical attributes of rAAV and LNPs encapsulating mRNA. Methods’ performance, applicability, dynamic range of detection and method optimization are discussed for the measurements of multiple critical physical−chemical quality attributes, including particle size distribution, aggregation propensity, polydispersity, particle concentration, particle structural properties and nucleic acid payload.