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dc.contributor.authorNazir, Shareq Mohd
dc.contributor.authorCloete, Jan Hendrik
dc.contributor.authorCloete, Schalk Willem Petrus
dc.contributor.authorAmini, Shahriar
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2020, 1-17.en_US
dc.description.abstractGas switching reforming (GSR) is a promising technology for natural gas reforming with inherent CO2 capture. Like conventional steam methane reforming (SMR), GSR can be integrated with water-gas shift and pressure swing adsorption units for pure hydrogen production. The resulting GSR-H2 process concept was techno-economically assessed in this study. Results showed that GSR-H2 can achieve 96% CO2 capture at a CO2 avoidance cost of 15 $/ton (including CO2 transport and storage). Most components of the GSR-H2 process are proven technologies, but long-term oxygen carrier stability presents an important technical uncertainty that can adversely affect competitiveness when the material lifetime drops below one year. Relative to the SMR benchmark, GSR-H2 replaces some fuel consumption with electricity consumption, making it more suitable to regions with higher natural gas prices and lower electricity prices. Some minor alterations to the process configuration can adjust the balance between fuel and electricity consumption to match local market conditions. The most attractive commercialization pathway for the GSR-H2 technology is initial construction without CO2 capture, followed by simple retrofitting for CO2 capture when CO2 taxes rise, and CO2 transport and storage infrastructure becomes available. These features make the GSR-H2 technology robust to almost any future energy market scenario.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.subjectGas switching reformingen_US
dc.subjectTechno-economic assessmenten_US
dc.subjectNatural gas reformingen_US
dc.subjectCO2 captureen_US
dc.subjectHydrogen productionen_US
dc.titlePathways to low-cost clean hydrogen production with gas switching reformingen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holder© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. This is an open access article under the CC BYlicense (
dc.source.journalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energyen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 276321en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal