Comparing the Nature of Active Sites in Cu-loaded SAPO-34 and SSZ-13 for the Direct Conversion of Methane to Methanol
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonCatalysts. 2020, 10 (2), 1-17. 10.3390/catal10020191
On our route towards a more sustainable future, the use of stranded and underutilized naturalgastoproducechemicalswouldbeagreataidinmitigatingclimatechange,duetothereduced CO2 emissions in comparison to using petroleum. In this study, we investigate the performance of Cu-exchanged SSZ-13 and SAPO-34 microporous materials in the stepwise, direct conversion of methane to methanol. With the use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy, infrared (in combination with CO adsorption) and Raman spectroscopy, we compared the structure–activity relationships for the two materials. We found that SSZ-13 performed signiﬁcantly better than SAPO-34 at the standard conditions. From CH4-TPR, it is evident that SAPO-34 requires a higher temperature for CH4 oxidation, and by changing the CH4 loading temperature from 200 to 300 ◦C, the yield (µmol/g)ofSAPO-34wasincreasedtenfold. Asobservedfromspectroscopy,boththree-andfour-fold coordinated Cu-species were formed after O2-activation; among them, the active species for methane activation. The Cu speciation in SAPO-34 is distinct from that in SSZ-13. These deviations can be attributed to several factors, including the diﬀerent framework polarities, and the amount and distribution of ion exchange sites.