Cool coatings with high near infrared transmittance for coil coated aluminium
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 2019, 196 94-104. 10.1016/j.solmat.2019.03.021
The temperature of a surface that is exposed to sunlight is influenced by the solar reflectance and the infrared emittance of the surface. A coating that reduces the surface temperature is often referred to as a cool coating. Cool coatings on building surfaces have several potential benefits, such as reduction of energy needed for cooling, improved thermal comfort, and mitigation of the urban heat island effect. In addition to low weight, aluminium is a metal that is known for its excellent reflectance properties. Recycled aluminium is now increasingly requested by the building market, both due to reduced cost as well as for environmental considerations. For building applications, surface treatments and coatings that completely hide the aluminium substrate are needed in order to obtain an attractive appearance, good corrosion properties and overall protection against outdoor environments. We see a need for a low-cost approach that can be used to obtain a cool coating on aluminium sheet. For this we have developed several different one-layer coating systems that can be applied in a coil-coating process. A total of 8 different coloured pigments with low absorption in the near infrared have been investigated with the goal to make cool coatings with various desirable colours. The coated surfaces achieved high solar reflectance by utilizing the excellent reflectance properties of the aluminium substrate. Good hiding of the substrate in the visible range and high infrared emittance has also been obtained. The colours include black and different shades of red, orange and yellow. Solar reflectance spectra and infrared reflectance spectra have been measured. From these spectra, optical properties of the coated surface such as total solar reflectance (TSR), infrared emittance and solar reflectance index (SRI) have been calculated. In addition, we also present results from weathering testing of the coated materials. The results show that the one-layer approach can be used to obtain cool coatings with high near infrared transmittance that are feasible to apply in a coil coating process.