Thermochemically stable ceramic compositemembranes based on Bi2O3 for oxygen separationwith high permeability
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionChemical Communications. 2019, 55 (24), 3493-3496. 10.1039/c8cc10077b
Ceramic oxygen separation membranes can be utilized to reduce CO2 emissions in fossil fuel power generation cycles based on oxy-fuel combustion. State-of-the-art oxygen permeable membranes based on Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (BSCF) offer high oxygen permeability but suffer from long-term instability, especially in the presence of CO2. In this work, we present a novel ceramic composite membrane consisting of 60 vol% (Bi0.8Tm0.2)2O3−δ (BTM) and 40 vol% (La0.8Sr0.2)0.99MnO3−δ (LSM), which shows not only comparable oxygen permeability to that of BSCF but also outstanding long-term stability. At 900 °C, oxygen fluxes of 1.01 mL min−1 cm−2 and 1.33 mL min−1 cm−2 were obtained for membranes with thicknesses of 1.35 mm and 0.75 mm, respectively. Moreover, significant oxygen fluxes were obtained at temperatures down to 600 °C. A stable operation of the membrane was demonstrated with insignificant changes in the oxygen flux at 750 °C for approx. one month and at 700 °C with 50% CO2 as the sweep gas for more than two weeks.