Silicon-carbon composite anodes from industrial battery grade silicon
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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In this work, silicon/carbon composites for anode electrodes of Li-ion batteries are prepared from Elkem’s Silgrain® line. Gentle ball milling is used to reduce particle size of Silgrain, and the resulting Si powder consists of micrometic Si with some impurities. Silicon/carbon composite with CMC/SBR as a dual binder can achieve more than 1200 cycles with a capacity of 1000 mAh g−1 of Si. This excellent electrochemical performance can be attributed to the use of a buffer as a solvent to control the pH of the electrode slurry, and hence the bonding properties of the binder to the silicon particles. In addition, the use of FEC as an electrolyte additive is greatly contributing to a stabilized cycling by creating a more robust SEI layer. This work clearly demonstrates the potential of industrial battery grade silicon from Elkem.