Negative CO2 Emissions with Chemical-Looping Combustion of Biomass – A Nordic Energy Research Flagship Project
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEnergy Procedia. 2017, 114 6074-6082. 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1744
The Nordic countries constitute a natural location for the development and deployment of Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS). Finland, Sweden and Denmark are world-leading with respect to heat and power generation from sustainable biomass. Norway is world-leading with respect to Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS). The Nordic countries also have ambitious targets for reductions of their CO2 emissions, host leading technology providers, and have large biomass potential per capita. System studies suggest that bioenergy could be the single largest energy carrier in the Nordic countries by 2050. Negative CO2 Emissions with Chemical Looping Combustion of Biomass is a multi-partner project with the goal to develop new technology that: i) enables CO2 capture and negative CO2 emissions at the lowest possible cost, ii) is able to produce power and steam for industrial and other applications, iii) utilizes Nordic expertise in fluidized bed technology and iv) has potential to achieve improved fuel utilization. The technology capable of achieving these goals is Chemical-Looping Combustion of biomass (Bio-CLC). The article presents the project and features some early results from its implementation.