• Are MXenes Suitable as Cathode Material for Rechargeable Mg Batteries? 

      Kaland, Henning; Hadler-Jacobsen, Jacob; Fagerli, Frode Håskjold; Wagner, Nils Peter; Wang, Zhaohui; Selbach, Sverre Magnus; Vullum-Bruer, Fride; Wiik, Kjell; Schnell, Sondre Kvalvåg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Carbon cathode wear in aluminium electrolysis cells 

      Senanu, Samuel; Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Autopsies of six spent potlinings with different carbon cathode block grades, amperage regimes and cell technologies were conducted at three separate smelters to reveal possible mechanisms causing cathode wear. Microstructure ...
    • Carbon Cathode Wear in Aluminium Electrolysis Cells 

      Senanu, Samuel; Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Autopsies of six spent potlinings with different carbon cathode block grades, amperage regimes and cell designs were conducted at three separate smelters to reveal possible mechanisms causing cathode wear. The microstructure ...
    • Cathode Wear in Electrowinning of Aluminum Investigated by a Laboratory Test Cell 

      Wang, Zhaohui; Nobakhtghalati, Saeid; Støre, Anne; Solheim, Asbjørn; Tschöpe, Kati; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The lifetime of an aluminum electrolysis cell is mainly determined by the cathode wear, especially for high amperage cells utilizing graphitized carbon cathodes. The cathode wear mechanisms are, however, complex and still ...
    • Diffusion of alkali metals in the first stage graphite intercalation compounds by vdW-DFT calculations 

      Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor; Selbach, Sverre Magnus (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Diffusion of alkali metal cations in the first stage graphite intercalation compounds (GIC) LiC6, NaC6, NaC8 and KC8 has been investigated with density functional theory (DFT) calculations using the optPBE-vdW van der Waals ...
    • Direct Method for Producing Scandium Metal and Scandium-Aluminium Intermetallic Compounds from the Oxides 

      Martinez, Ana Maria Cuellar; Osen, Karen Sende; Gudbrandsen, Henrik; Sommerseth, Camilla; Wang, Zhaohui; Darell, Ove (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The electrochemical de-oxidation process, also called FFC-Cambridge process, has been proposed previously to produce reactive metals and their alloys through reduction of their metal oxides. The process works by introducing ...
    • Formation of aluminium carbide in Hall-Héroult electrolysis cell environments 

      Novák, Bronislav; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Wang, Zhaohui; Grande, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The formation and dissolution of aluminium carbide under conditions similar to the chemical and electrochemical environments in the Hall-Héroult process were studied in laboratory cells, including cells with reversed ...
    • Formation of Carbon Build-Up on the Flue Wall of Anode Baking Furnace 

      Wang, Zhaohui; Rørvik, Stein; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      A hard carbon build-up layer often forms on the flue wall surface in anode baking furnaces. The layer accumulates over thermal circles and needs to be mechanically removed regularly to ensure sufficient space for the anodes ...
    • Multi-scale Modelling of Titanium Diboride Degradation Using Crystal Elasticity Model and Density Functional Theory 

      Saai, Afaf; Wang, Zhaohui; Pezzotta, Micol; Friis, Jesper; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Vullum, Per Erik (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Titanium diboride (TiB2) is regarded as the most promising material to be used as inert cathodes in the electrochemical reduction of alumina to aluminium metal. TiB2 is well known as a ceramic material with high strength ...
    • Solvent-Controlled Charge Storage Mechanisms of Spinel Oxide Electrodes in Mg Organohaloaluminate Electrolytes 

      Wang, Lu; Wang, Zhaohui; Vullum, Per Erik; Selbach, Sverre Magnus; Svensson, Ann Mari; Vullum-Bruer, Fride (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Considering the improved safety, reduced cost, and high volumetric energy density associated with Mg batteries, this technology has distinct advantages for large-scale energy storage compared to other existing battery ...
    • Thermogravimetric Analysis of Thermal Insulating Materials Exposed to Sodium Vapor 

      Luneng, Raymond; Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)