• Characterisation of a Real-World Søderberg Electrode 

      Glastonbury, Ralph; Beukes, Paul; van Zyl, Pieter Gideon; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli; Dall, Douglas; Steenkamp, Joalet Dalene; Mushwana, Masana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Very little research on Søderberg electrodes has been published in the journal peer reviewed public domain. The main aim of this work is to characterise a Søderberg electrode that was cut off approximately 0.5 m below the ...
    • Characterisation of a Real-World Søderberg Electrode 

      Glastonbury, Ralph; Beukes, Paul; van Zyl, Pieter Gideon; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli; Dall, Douglas; Steenkamp, Joalet Dalene; Mushwana, Masana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Very little research on Søderberg electrodes has been published in the journal peer reviewed public domain. The main aim of this work is to characterise a Søderberg electrode that was cut off approximately 0.5 m below the ...
    • Characterization of a Si-SiO2 mixture generated from SiO and CO 

      Broggi, Andrea; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The reaction between SiO(g) and CO(g) is a relevant intermediate reaction in the silicon production process. One of the products generated from this gas mixture is called by its color, brown condensate. In this paper, ...
    • C–O–H2 ternary diagram for evaluation of carbon activity in CH4-containing gas mixtures 

      Ribeiro, T.R.; Ferreira Neto, Neto; Takano, C.; Poço, J.G.R.; Kolbeinsen, Leiv; Ringdalen, Eli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The C–O–H2 ternary diagram is presented to characterize the carbon activity in equilibrium with gas mixtures containing CH4, CO, CO2, H2O, and H2 at different temperatures and pressures. The three reactions for carbon ...
    • Damring formation during rotary kiln chromite pre-reduction: Effects of pulverized carbonaceous fuel selection and partial pellet melting 

      van Staden, Yolindi; Beukes, Johan Paul; van Zyl, Pieter Gideon; Ringdalen, Eli; Tangstad, Merete; Kleynhans, Ernst L.J.; Bunt, John Reginald (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Electricity consumption is the largest cost contributing factor in the production of ferrochrome. Currently the pelletized chromite pre-reduction process (solid-state reduction of chromite) is the process option with the ...
    • Effect of different SiO2 polymorphs on the reaction between SiO2 and SiC in Si production 

      Folstad, Marit Buhaug; Ringdalen, Eli; Tveit, Halvard; Tangstad, Merete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      This work investigates the phase transformations in silica (SiO2) during heating to a target temperature between 1700 °C and 1900 °C and the effect of SiO2 polymorphs on the reduction reaction 2SiO2 + SiC = 3SiO + CO in ...
    • Evolution of SiOx shell layers on SiC-SiOx core-shell nanowires 

      Broggi, Andrea; Ringdalen, Eli; Tangstad, Merete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Composite core-shell SiC-SiOx nanowires can be produced by heating quartz and SiC powders, with addition of Ar(g) or He(g). The two powders are mixed to create pellets, which will react to SiO(g) and CO(g) at elevated ...
    • Nye muligheter for verdiskaping i Norge 

      Størseth, Trond Røvik; Kaspersen, Jon Harald; Størseth, Trond Røvik; Kaspersen, Jon Harald; Sletta, Håvard; Skjermo, Jorunn; Hagemann, Andreas; Sheridan, Edel; Røkke, Nils; Sørum, Lars; Shmueli, Andrea; Rødseth, Ørnulf J.; Kvamstad-Lervold, Beate; Lødeng, Rune; Tschentscher, Roman; Bjørgen, Astrid; Heyn, Richard; Dahl, Nina; Ringdalen, Eli; Hovland, Jon; Helness, Herman; Handå, Aleksander; Grande, Carlos A.; Wærnes, Ole; Høgaas, Per Helge; Alnæs, Lisbeth; Eidem, Per A.; Røkke, Nils; Bruaset, Stian; Sivertsen, Edvard; Rüther, Petra; Time, Berit; Slapø, Fredrik (SINTEF rapporter;, Research report, 2019-08)
      Denne rapporten er levert av SINTEF på oppdrag fra NHO. Den er en del av et større utredningsarbeid – «Veikart for fremtidens næringsliv». I dette arbeidet deltar SINTEF med beskrivelser og analyser knyttet til sentrale ...
    • Ore melting and reduction in silicomanganese production 

      Ringdalen, Eli; Gaal, S.; Tangstad, Merete; Ostrovski, Oleg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010)
      The charge for silicomangansese production consists of manganese ore (often mixed with ferromanganese slag) dolomite or calcite, quartz, and in some cases, other additions. These materials have different melting properties, ...
    • Phase Transformations from Quartz to Cristobalite 

      Jusnes, Karin Fjeldstad; Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Chapter, 2018)
      Two quartz types used in the silicon and ferrosilicon industry were heated to temperatures of 1600 and 1700 °C. The parameters varied were the temperature and the holding time at maximum temperature. The amount of quartz, ...
    • Pilot Scale Production of Manganese Ferroalloys Using Heat-Treated Mn-Nodules 

      Tangstad, Merete; Ringdalen, Eli; Manilla, Edmundo; Davila, Daniel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Pilot-scale experiments are one way to investigate the process patterns and the reaction mechanisms of processes and raw materials. To understand a process fully, both theoretical considerations as well as small-scale ...
    • Road-map for gas in the Norwegian metallurgical industry: greater value creation and reduced emissions 

      Dalaker, Halvor; Ringdalen, Eli; Kolbeinsen, Leiv; Mårdalen, Jostein (Report, 2017-08-28)
    • Silicon carbide formation from methane and silicon monoxide 

      Aarnæs, Trygve Storm; Ringdalen, Eli; Tangstad, Merete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Silicon carbide (SiC) formation plays an important role during the production of elemental silicon. SiC forms through a high temperature reaction between silicon monoxide gas (SiO) and carbon. Currently, the carbon sources ...