Aluminium Primary Production Off-Gas Composition and Emissions: An Overview
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionJOM: The Member Journal of TMS. 2019, 1-12. 10.1007/s11837-019-03370-6
The raw gas composition from primary aluminium production depends mostly on the process technology applied and the composition of the raw materials. At steady state, a stationary condition is established among the material sources, gas production and sinks: the gas treatment centre and escaping gases. Only a few papers discuss the off-gas composition itself; most papers deal with the gas composition from laboratory-scale experiments performed under inert conditions. In this article, an overview of the literature describing gas production from aluminium electrolysis is given. Effects of temperature and chemical equilibrium on the stationary condition are also discussed. The typical chemical composition of the raw materials is presented to evaluate their input into the gas composition, especially with respect to their impurity levels.