Extremely fast simulations of heat transfer in fluidized beds
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- SINTEF Proceedings 
Besides their huge technological importance, fluidized beds have attracted a large amount of research because they are perfect playgrounds to investigate highly dynamic particulate flows. Their overall behavior is determined by short-lasting particle collisions and the interaction between solid and gas phase. Modern simulation techniques that combine computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and discrete element methods (DEM) are capable of describing their evolution and provide detailed information on what is happening on the particle scale. However, these approaches are limited by small time steps and large numerical costs, which inhibits the investigation of slower long-term processes like heat transfer or chemical conversion. In a recent study (Lichtenegger and Pirker, 2016), we have introduced recurrence CFD (rCFD) as a way to decouple fast from slow degrees of freedom in systems with recurring patterns: A conventional simulation is carried out to capture such coherent structures. Their re-appearance is characterized with recurrence plots that allow us to extrapolate their evolution far beyond the simulated time. On top of these predicted flow fields, any passive or weakly coupled process can then be investigated at fractions of the original computational costs.Here, we present the application of rCFD to heat transfer in a labscale fluidized bed. Initially hot particles are fluidized with cool air and their temperature evolution is recorded. In comparison to conventional CFD-DEM, we observe speed-up factors of about two orders of magnitude at very good accuracy with regard to recent measurements.