• Alumina scale composition and growth rate in distribution pipes 

      Haugland, Ingrid Bokn; Kjos, Ole Sigmund; Røyset, Arne Karstein; Vullum, Per Erik; Aarhaug, Thor Anders; Halstensen, Maths (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Scaling in distribution pipes for secondary alumina is a major issue in aluminium smelters. The scale is formed inside the distribution pipes, and gradually reduces the cross section that is available for alumina transport. ...
    • Carbon cathode wear in aluminium electrolysis cells 

      Senanu, Samuel; Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Autopsies of six spent potlinings with different carbon cathode block grades, amperage regimes and cell technologies were conducted at three separate smelters to reveal possible mechanisms causing cathode wear. Microstructure ...
    • Discussion of bi-film index and LiMCA data in industrial aluminum remelting trials 

      Kvithyld, Anne; Sæter, Jan Anders; Syvertsen, Martin; Fossheim, Harry; Nordmark, Arne; Sottar, Ronny; Engh, Thorvald Abel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The trend in the aluminum high end market is to set unrealistic quality requirements e.g. inclusion free metal. The importance of quality and the ability to measure is growing. LiMCA is a unique, well-established tool for ...
    • Effects of CO2 cover gas and yttrium additions on the oxidation of AlMg alloys 

      Smith, Nicholas Albert; Gleeson, Brian; wissam, saidi; Kvithyld, Anne; Tranell, Gabriella (Light Metals;2019, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      AlMg alloys are known to suffer from problematic oxidation that can result in significant dross formation and loss of Mg from the melt. Historically, beryllium has been used to minimize the oxidation as it forms a protective ...
    • Electrochemical Behaviour of Carbon Anodes Produced with Different Mixing Temperatures and Baking Levels—A Laboratory Study 

      Sommerseth, Camilla; Thorne, Rebecca Jayne; Gebarowski, Wojciech; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Rørvik, Stein; Linga, Hogne; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Svensson, Ann Mari (Light Metals;2019, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Anodes fabricated from a single source coke were used for investigations of effect of porosity and surface roughness on the electrochemical performance in laboratory scale cells. In order to fabricate anodes differing in ...
    • Formation of Carbon Build-Up on the Flue Wall of Anode Baking Furnace 

      Wang, Zhaohui; Rørvik, Stein; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      A hard carbon build-up layer often forms on the flue wall surface in anode baking furnaces. The layer accumulates over thermal circles and needs to be mechanically removed regularly to ensure sufficient space for the anodes ...
    • Furnace Atmosphere and Dissolved Hydrogen in Aluminium 

      Syvertsen, Martin; Kvithyld, Anne; Gundersen, Eilif; Johansen, Inge; Engh, Thorvald Abel (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Hydrogen solubility is much higher in liquid than in solid aluminium. Therefore, if the hydrogen concentration in liquid aluminium is too high prior to solidification, there is high risk of gas porosity formation during ...
    • Investigation on scale formation in aluminium industry by means of a cold-finger 

      Clos, Daniel Perez; Nekså, Petter; Johnsen, Sverre Gullikstad; Aune, Ragnhild Elizabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A cylindrical fouling probe or “cold-finger” has been used to investigate fouling from aluminium production off-gas. The probe was located upstream from the off-gas cleaning system. Surface deposits have been collected for ...
    • Measurement of anode anisotropy by micro x-ray computed tomography 

      Rørvik, Stein; Lossius, Lorentz Petter (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Micro X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) is an instrumental method for recording inner structure 3D images without damaging the observed volume. A methodology has been developed by SINTEF for CT of carbonaceous materials, ...
    • Reactivity of coke in relation to sulfur level and microstructure 

      Jahrsengene, Gøril; Rørvik, Stein; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Lossius, Lorentz Petter; Haverkamp, Richard G.; Svensson, Ann Mari (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Shrinkage induced flow, thermo-solutal convection and equiaxed grain motion are the major transport mechanisms contributing to macrosegregation formation in aluminum alloys produced through Direct Chill casting. Experimental ...
    • The micro- and macrostructure of alumina rafts 

      Gylver, Sindre Engzelius; Nina Helene, Omdahl; Rørvik, Stein; Hansen, Ingrid; Nautnes, Andrea; Neverdal, Sofie Nilssen; Einarsrud, Kristian Etienne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Thermogravimetric Analysis of Thermal Insulating Materials Exposed to Sodium Vapor 

      Luneng, Raymond; Wang, Zhaohui; Ratvik, Arne Petter; Grande, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)