• Kinetic Analysis of Digestate Slow Pyrolysis with the Application of the Master-Plots Method and Independent Parallel Reactions Scheme 

      Bartocci, Pietro; Tschentscher, Roman; Stensrød, Ruth Elisabeth; Barbanera, Marco; Fantozzi, Francesco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The solid fraction obtained by mechanical separation of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants is an attractive feedstock for the pyrolysis process. Especially in the case of digestate obtained from biogas plants fed ...
    • Kinetic modeling of dynamic changing active sites in a Mars-van Krevelen type reaction: Ethylene oxychlorination on K-doped CuCl2/Al2O3 

      Ma, Hongfei; Sollund, Erling S.; Zhang, Wei; Fenes, Endre; Qi, Yanying; Wang, Yalan; Rout, Kumar Ranjan; Fuglerud, Terje; Piccinini, Marco; Chen, De (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A kinetic model was developed by taking into account the dynamic nature of the active sites in Mars–van Krevelen type catalytic reactions to predict the evolution of the reactant and product composition in the gas phase ...
    • Kinetic Study of Butanol Production from Mixtures of Glucose and Xylose and Investigation of Different Pre-growth Strategies 

      Birgen, Cansu; Berglihn, Olaf Trygve; Preisig, Heinz A.; Wentzel, Alexander (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This study proposes a dynamic model that describes key characteristics of fermentative butanol production from glucose and xylose mixtures. The model has 12 parameters and incorporates noncompetitive inhibitory interaction ...
    • Kinetic study of vacuum evaporation of elements from ternary melts; case of dilute solution of P in Si-Al melts 

      Hoseinpur Kermani, Arman; Tang, Kai; Safarian, Jafar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This research is devoted to study phosphorus removal from Si-Al alloys by vacuum refining of the ternary system of dilute solutions of P in Si-20 wt%Al. The experiments were carried out in an induction furnace and after ...
    • L-DOPA-Coated Manganese Oxide Nanoparticles as Dual MRI Contrast Agents and Drug-Delivery Vehicles 

      McDonagh, Birgitte Hjelmeland; Singh, Gurvinder; Hak, Sjoerd; Bandyopadhyay, Sulalit; Augestad, Ingrid Lovise; Peddis, Davide; Sandvig, Ioanna; Sandvig, Axel; Glomm, Wilhelm (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Manganese oxide nanoparticles (MONPs) are capable of time‐dependent magnetic resonance imaging contrast switching as well as releasing a surface‐bound drug. MONPs give T2/T2* contrast, but dissolve and release T1‐active ...
    • Lab Scale Experiments on Alumina Raft Formation 

      Gylver, Sindre Engzelius; Solheim, Asbjørn; Gudbrandsen, Henrik; Follo, Åste Hegglid; Einarsrud, Kristian Etienne (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      During feeding of alumina into a Hall-Héroult cell, rafts floating on the bath surface may be formed. In this study, rafts were created in a laboratory furnace by adding 4 g secondary alumina in industrial bath. Samples ...
    • Laboratory scale study of reverse priming in aluminium filtration 

      Bao, Sarina; Syvertsen, Martin; Syvertsen, Freddy; Gihleengen, Britt Elin; Tundal, Ulf; Pettersen, Tanja (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series;2367-1181, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Inclusions are one of the most serious problems encountered in aluminium production and melt treatment. Even small inclusions, not larger than a few tens of micrometres, can potentially have considerable consequences for ...
    • Large scale experiments on high-rate three-phase low liquid loading flows 

      Kjølaas, Jørn; Unander, Tor Erling; Schümann, Heiner; Wolden, Marita; Holm, Henning (International Conference on Multiphase Technology;2019, Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      A comprehensive three-phase flow campaign, funded by Equinor as part of the Tanzania gas field development project [1] [2] [3], was carried out in the SINTEF Large Scale Loop at Tiller in 2017-2018. The experiments were ...
    • Large time step HLL and HLLC schemes 

      Prebeg, Marin; Flåtten, Tore Halsne; Müller, Bernhard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We present Large Time Step (LTS) extensions of the Harten-Lax-van Leer (HLL) and Harten-Lax-van Leer-Contact (HLLC) schemes. Herein, LTS denotes a class of explicit methods stable for Courant numbers greater than one. The ...
    • Large Time Step Roe scheme for a common 1D two-fluid model 

      Prebeg, Marin; Flåtten, Tore; Müller, Bernhard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      We present the Large Time Step (LTS) extension of the Roe scheme and apply it to a standard two-fluid model. Herein, LTS denotes a class of explicit methods that are not limited by the CFL (Courant–Friedrichs–Lewy) condition, ...
    • Laser-arc hybrid welding of 12- and 15-mm thick structural steel 

      Bunaziv, Ivan; Dørum, Cato; Nielsen, Steen Erik; Suikkanen, Pasi; Ren, Xiaobo; Nyhus, Bård; Eriksson, Magnus Carl Fredrik; Akselsen, Odd Magne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      High-power lasers are very effective in welding of plates thicker than 10 mm due to the keyhole mode. High-power intensity generates a vapor-filled cavity which provides substantial penetration depth. Due to the narrow and ...
    • Latent hardening and plastic anisotropy evolution in AA6060 aluminium alloy 

      Khadyko, Mikhail; Dumoulin, Stephane; Cailletaud, Georges; Hopperstad, Odd Sture (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      The crystal plasticity theory predicts that hardening on a particular slip system and its corresponding work-hardening rate will depend on the slip activity on both this slip system and all others. The exact form of this ...
    • Lattice rotations in precipitate free zones in an Al-Mg-Si alloy 

      Christiansen, Emil; Marioara, Calin Daniel; Marthinsen, Knut; Hopperstad, Odd Sture; Holmestad, Randi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Scanning precession electron diffraction and automated crystal orientation mapping in a transmission electron microscope (TEM) have been applied to quantitatively study the crystal orientation of precipitate free zones ...
    • Lattice thermal conductivity of half-Heuslers with density functional theory and machine learning: Enhancing predictivity by active sampling with principal component analysis 

      Tranås, Rasmus André; Løvvik, Ole Martin; Tomic, Oliver; Berland, Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Low lattice thermal conductivity is essential for high thermoelectric performance of a material. Lattice thermal conductivity is often computed using density functional theory (DFT), typically at a high computational cost. ...
    • Layered microstructures based on BaZr0.85Y0.15O3−δ by pulsed laser deposition for metal-supported proton ceramic electrolyser cells 

      Stefan, Elena; Stange, Marit Synnøve Sæverud; Denonville, Christelle; Larring, Yngve; Hildenbrand, Nicolas; Norby, Truls Eivind; Haugsrud, Reidar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Planar metal-supported cell designs provide cost-effective scaling-up of solid oxide fuel cells and electrolysers. Here, we report on the fabrication of a BaZr0.85Y0.15O3−δ–NiO (BZY15–NiO) composite electrode and ...
    • Linking mechanical properties to precipitate microstructure in three Al-Mg-Si(-Cu) alloys 

      Sunde, Jonas Kristoffer; Lu, Feng; Marioara, Calin Daniel; Holmedal, Bjørn; Holmestad, Randi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The mechanical properties of age hardenable Al alloys depend strongly on the precipitate microstructure. This work has investigated the relationship between properties such as strength and ductility and the distribution ...
    • Lipid and DHA-production in Aurantiochytrium sp. – Responses to nitrogen starvation and oxygen limitation revealed by analyses of production kinetics and global transcriptomes 

      Heggeset, Tonje Marita Bjerkan; Ertesvåg, Helga; Liu, Bin; Ellingsen, Trond Erling; Vadstein, Olav; Aasen, Inga Marie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Thraustochytrids of the genera Schizochytrium and Aurantiochytrium accumulate oils rich in the essential, marine n3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). DHA production in Aurantiochytrium sp T66 was studied with the aim ...
    • Liquid-solid Solubility in AMP-KSAR-CO2-H2O System 

      Aronu, Ugochukwu Edwin; Ma, Xiaoguang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Solid-liquid solubility of an example novel precipitating solvent system (NPSS); an aqueous blend of AMP and KSAR with and without CO2 were studied to determine the crystallization and dissolution regimes as well as the ...
    • Long-term ISO 23936-2 sweet oil ageing of HNBR 

      Akulichev, Anton; Alcock, Benjamin; Krauklis, Andrey; Tiwari, Avinash; Echtermeyer, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      A hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) compound is subjected to ageing in a simulated oil and gas environment in accordance with ISO 23936-2 standard at two elevated temperatures (130 °C and 150 °C) for a period ...
    • Low-velocity impact behaviour and failure of stiffened steel plates 

      Gruben, Gaute; Sølvernes, S; Berstad, Torodd; Morin, David; Hopperstad, Odd Sture; Langseth, Magnus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      The behaviour and failure of stiffened steel plates subjected to transverse loading by an indenter is studied in this paper. Low-velocity dynamic and quasi-static tests of stiffened plates with geometry adopted from a ...