Now showing items 1496-1515 of 1526

    • Wafer level integration of epitaxial piezoelectric thin films for novel NEMS, MEMS and MOEMS applications 

      Dekkers, M; Nguyen, M; Hildebrand, N; Abel, S; Eltes, F; Fompeyrine, J; Wittendorp, Paul (Chapter, 2017)
      Pb(Zr, Ti)O3 (PZT) and (PhMg1/3Nb2/3O3)2/3-CPbTiO3)1/3 (PMN-PT) thin films are epitaxially deposited on 200 mm wafers using Solmates' Pulsed Laser Deposition (PLD) platform. Epitaxy is achieved using an optimized TiN ...
    • Wafer-level Au–Au bonding in the 350–450 ◦C temperature range 

      Tofteberg, Hannah Rosquist; Schjølberg-Henriksen, Kari; Fasting, Eivind Johan; Moen, Alexander Stene; Taklo, Maaike Margrete Visser; Poppe, Erik; Simensen, Christian Julius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Metal thermocompression bonding is a hermetic wafer-level packaging technology that facilitates vertical integration and shrinks the area used for device sealing. In this paper, Au–Au bonding at 350, 400 and 450 °C has ...
    • Wafer-level packaged MEMS switch with TSV 

      Lietaer, Nicolas; Bakke, Thor; Summanwar, Anand; Dalsjø, Per G.; Gakkestad, Jakob; Niklaus, Frank (Lecture, 2011)
    • Wave Propagation Along a Thin Wire Antenna Placed in a Horizontally Layered Medium 

      Wei, Yingkang; Holter, Bengt; Simonsen, Ingve; Husby, Karsten; Kuhnle, Jacob; Norum, Lars Einar (Chapter, 2010)
    • Way-finding on-board training for maritime vessels 

      Tvedt, Sturle Danielsen; Oltedal, Helle Asgjerd; Batalden, Bjørn-Morten; Oliveira, Manuel Fradinho (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      In the maritime industry, it is of vital importance that personnel onboard ships are familiarized with the ship’s layout, along with safety equipment and processes for safeguarding of the individual seafarer and the ship’s ...
    • What is known about the LGBTQ perspective in child welfare services? A scoping review protocol 

      Kaasbøll, Jannike; Paulsen, Veronika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Introduction In previous studies, it is estimated that sexual minorities (eg, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) individuals) are overrepresented in the child welfare system. However, the numbers ...
    • What is large in large-scale? a taxonomy of scale for agile software development 

      Dingsøyr, Torgeir; Fægri, Tor Erlend; Itkonen, Juha (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Positive experience of agile development methods in smaller projects has created interest in the applicability of such methods in larger scale projects. However, there is a lack of conceptual clarity regarding what large-scale ...
    • What Makes Users Trust a Chatbot for Customer Service? An Exploratory Interview Study 

      Følstad, Asbjørn; Nordheim, Cecilie Bertinussen; Bjørkli, Cato Alexander (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Chatbots are increasingly offered as an alternative source of customer service. For users to take up chatbots for this purpose, it is important that users trust chatbots to provide the required support. However, there is ...
    • When to Treat Security Risks with Cyber Insurance 

      Meland, Per Håkon; Seehusen, Fredrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Transferring security risk to a third party through cyber insurance is an unfamiliar playing field for a lot of organisations, and therefore many hesitate to make such investments. Indeed, there is a general need for ...
    • When to Treat Security Risks with Cyber Insurance 

      Meland, Per Håkon; Seehusen, Fredrik (Chapter, 2018)
      Transferring security risk to a third party through cyber insurance is an unfamiliar playing field for a lot of organisations, and therefore many hesitate to make such investments. Indeed, there is a general need for ...
    • Where is the Proof? - A Review of Experiences from Applying MDE in Industry 

      Mohagheghi, Parastoo; Dehlen, Vegard (Chapter, 2008)
      Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) has been promoted as a solution to handle the complexity of software development by raising the abstraction level and automating labor-intensive and error-prone tasks. However, few efforts ...
    • Where is the Proof? - A Review of Experiences from Applying MDE in Industry 

      Mohagheghi, Parastoo (Lecture, 2008)
      Model-Driven Engineering (MDE) has been promoted as a solution to handle the complexity of software development by raising the abstraction level and automating labor-intensive and error-prone tasks. However, few efforts ...
    • Which Mobile Health Toolkit Should a Service Provider Choose? A Comparative Evaluation of Apple HealthKit, Google Fit, and Samsung Digital Health Platform 

      Farshchian, Babak A.; Vilarinho, Thomas (Chapter, 2017)
      Mobile health applications are proliferating. Platform vendors have recently created programming toolkits to support developers. In many healthcare scenarios, mobile health applications are only the end-point of a larger ...
    • Why People Use Chatbots 

      Brandtzæg, Petter Bae; Følstad, Asbjørn (Chapter, 2017)
      There is a growing interest in chatbots, which are machine agents serving as natural language user interfaces for data and service providers. However, no studies have empirically investigated people’s motivations for using ...
    • Wireless Communication Technologies for Safe Cooperative Cyber Physical Systems 

      Balador, Ali; Kouba, A; Cassioli, Dajana; Foukalas, Fotis; Severino, Ricardo B.; Stepanova, Daria; Agosta, Giovanni; Xie, Jing; Pomante, Luigi; Mongelli, Maurizio; Pierini, Pierluigi; Petersen, Stig; Sukuvaara, Timo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Cooperative Cyber-Physical Systems (Co-CPSs) can be enabled using wireless communication technologies, which in principle should address reliability and safety challenges. Safety for Co-CPS enabled by wireless communication ...
    • Wireless Instrumentation for Safety Critical Systems. Technology, Standards, Solutions and Future Trends 

      Petersen, Stig; Aakvaag, Niels (, Research report, 2015)
      Wireless communication is an important part of everyday life, but has until recently been considered too unreliable for use in industrial processes. In particular, there has been reluctance to accept wireless systems as ...
    • Wireless Instrumentation for the Water and Wastewater Industry 

      Petersen, Stig; Myhre, Bård; Røstum, Jon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
    • Wireless Smart Systems Beyond RFID 

      Vermesan, Ovidiu (Lecture, 2008)
      It is expected that in the coming 20 years the IoT will be pervasive, and ubiquitous: smart devices, embedded in smart materials, will work in synergy to improve the quality of our lives. In this context wireless smart ...
    • WirelessHART vs. ISA100.11a: The Format War Hits the Factory Floor 

      Petersen, Stig; Carlsen, Simon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      The first decade of the new millennium has been a stage for the rapid development of wireless communication technologies for low-cost, low-power wireless solutions capable of robust and reliable communication [1]. IEEE ...
    • Wood's anomalies and spectral uniformity of focusing diffractive optical elements 

      Angelskår, Hallvard; Johansen, Ib-Rune; Lacolle, Matthieu Jean P; Sudbø, Aasmund Sveinung (Journal article, 2010)
      We report on simulations and measurements of focusing diffractive optical elements, fabricated as two-level binary optics. The diffractive optical elements are designed to separate and focus four specific wavelengths in ...