• An experimental evaluation of bow-tie analysis for cybersecurity requirements 

      Meland, Per Håkon; Bernsmed, Karin; Frøystad, Christian; Li, Jingyue; Sindre, Guttorm (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Bow-tie analysis includes a graphical representation for depicting threats and consequences related to unwanted events, and shows how preventive and reactive barriers can provide control over such situations. This kind of ...
    • Protecting Future Maritime Communication 

      Frøystad, Christian; Bernsmed, Karin; Meland, Per Håkon (Chapter, 2017)
      Our oceans are filled with ships that take care of the most important distribution of goods in the world economy. Evolving from isolated chunks of hollow metal containers, ships are becoming more and more like interconnected ...
    • Security Incident Information Exchange for Cloud Service Provisioning Chains 

      Frøystad, Christian; Tøndel, Inger Anne; Jaatun, Martin Gilje (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Online services are increasingly becoming a composition of different cloud services, making incident-handling difficult, as Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) with end-user customers need information from other providers about ...
    • Security Requirements for SATCOM Datalink Systems for Future Air Traffic Management 

      Bernsmed, Karin; Frøystad, Christian; Meland, Per Håkon; Myrvoll, Tor Andre (Chapter, 2017)
      Aircraft equipped with satellite communication (SATCOM) systems will enable advanced Air Traffic Management (ATM) operations over datalink on a global basis. A key concept of future ATM is 4D trajectory management, which ...
    • Visualizing Cyber Security Risks with Bow-Tie Diagrams 

      Bernsmed, Karin; Frøystad, Christian; Meland, Per Håkon; Nesheim, Dag Atle; Rødseth, Ørnulf Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Safety and security risks are usually analyzed independently, by different people using different tools. Consequently, the system analyst may fail to realize cyber attacks as a contributing factor to safety impacts or, on ...
    • Visualizing Cyber Security Risks with Bow-Tie Diagrams 

      Bernsmed, Karin; Frøystad, Christian; Meland, Per Håkon; Nesheim, Dag Atle; Rødseth, Ørnulf Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-01-19)
      Safety and security risks are usually analyzed independently, by different people using different tools. Consequently, the system analyst may fail to realize cyber attacks as a contributing factor to safety impacts or, on ...