• C-E (curtailment – Energy share) map: An objective and quantitative measure to evaluate wind and solar curtailment 

      Yasuda, Yoh; Bird, Lori; Carlini, Enrico; Eriksen, Peter Børre; Estanqueiro, Ana; Flynn, Damian; Fraile, Daniel; Gomez Lazaro, Emilio; Martín-Martínez, Sergio; Hayashi, Daisuke; Holttinen, Hannele; Lew, Debra; McCam, John; Menemenlis, Nickie; Miranda, Raul; Orths, Antje; Smith, J. Charles; Taibi, Emanuele; Vrana, Til Kristian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      As the share of VRE (variable renewable energy) has grown rapidly, curtailment issues have arisen worldwide. This paper evaluates and compares curtailment situations in selected countries using an objective and quantitative ...
    • System impact studies for near 100% renewable energy systems dominated by inverter based variable generation 

      Holttinen, Hannele; Kiviluoma, Juha; Flynn, Damian; Smith, Charles; Orths, Antje; Eriksen, Peter Børre; Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Söder, Lennart; Korpås, Magnus; Estanqueiro, Ana; MacDowell, Jason; Tuohy, Aidan; Vrana, Til Kristian; O'Malley, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The demand for low carbon energy calls for close to 100% renewable power systems, with decarbonization of other energy sectors adding to the anticipated paradigm shift. Rising levels of variable inverter-based renewable ...
    • Wind power within European grid codes: Evolution, status and outlook 

      Vrana, Til Kristian; Flynn, Damian; Gómez-Lázaro, Emilio; Kiviluoma, Juha; Marcel, Davy; Cutululis, Nicolaos Antonio; Smith, J. Charles (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Grid codes are technical specifications that define the requirements for any facility connected to electricity grids. Wind power plants are increasingly facing system stability support requirements similar to conventional ...